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Passover A-Z

Passover A-Z

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PASSOVER A-Z 

Thursday night April 2 (After 7:54 PM): 24 hours before Passover

A. Do the ritual search for Chametz. Take a candle, a spoon, and a feather, and search the house for any remaining or forgotten chametz.

Friday morning: April 3

B. If you are a first-born son, or the father of a first-born son under the age of Bar Mitzvah, participate in a Siyum (at Chabad after 6:55 AM minyan)  or other mitzvah feast, in order to be absolved of the "fast of the firstborn."

C. The deadline for eating chametzis approximately two hours before midday (10:50 AM).  Past this point, no chametz is eaten until after the festival.

D. The deadline for
getting rid of chametzis approximately one hour before midday; 11:54 AM. (By this time, all cabinets and areas containing chametz that will be sold should be sealed.)

Burnany leftover Chametz that is not being sold, including anything that was found Sunday night at the Search for the Chametz. Recite the "nullification statement,"renouncing all ownership of any chametz that may still remain in your possession. (We will be burning Chometz at Chabad from 8:00 AM– 9:30 AM. )


Friday afternoon:

E. Prepare for the Seder. Ready the items for the Seder plate, set the table, and do last minute things for the Seder meal.

F. Recite the "Order of the Passover Offering,"recalling and reliving the Korban Pesachwhich was offered in the Holy Temple at this time.

G. Light the Shabbat and festival candles( 7:04 PM) to usher in Shabbat and the holiday. Light before sunset.


Friday night:

H. Go to the synagogue for the evening holiday services (Mincha 7:14 PM), which include the special addition of the Hallel prayer.

Hold the first Passover Seder. Follow the 15 steps, recite the Haggadah, tell and relive the story of the Exodus, and enjoy the matzah, wine, and bitter herbs. Make sure to eat the Afikomanby midnight12:58 AM.


Shabbat morning: April 4

I. Go to the synagogue for the Passover prayer services (9:00 AM) which include a special prayer for dew) and Torah reading.

 

Shabbat night:

J. The Omer Countbegins tonight.
Outside the Holy Land, tonight begins a second day of Yom Tov (hallowed festival day) which is basically a repeat of the first. Light the festival candles after 8:05 PM from a pre-existing flame (as it is forbidden to create a new flame on Yom Tov) after nightfall. The entire
Sederis repeated tonight. (This time, however, there's no midnight deadline; you can go on until morning.) The next day, Sunday, is the second festival day; go to the synagogue for the special Passover prayers and Torah reading.

 

Sunday night: April 5

K. We've now entered the four "intermediate days"of Passover. Perform the Havdalahritual 8:07 PM (sans incense and candle) marking the close of the first days of the holiday. Celebrate the intermediate days with matzah, kosher-for-Passover cooking, family trips (in the newly cleaned car), and more retelling of the Exodus story. It's still Passover, so we don't eat, own, or derive enjoyment from Chametz, but most activities prohibited the first and last two days are permitted. We also add special passages to our prayers: Hallel, Yaaleh Veyavo, and Musaf.

Thursday evening: April 9

L. Since Shabbat occurs during the festival, an "eruv tavshilin" is prepared prior to the festival, so that we are permitted to prepare food for Shabbat during the festival.

 

M. Tonight begin the final two festival daysof Passover. Light candles at 7:10 PM, and enjoy festive meals Thursday night, Friday afternoon and night, and Shabbat afternoon.
There is a custom to stay awake (Thursday night, April 9) the night of the
Splitting of the Seaand study Torah through the night.

 

Shabbat morning: April 11

N.  Yizkorat 10:30 AM, the memorial prayer for departed parents, is recited following the reading of the Torah during the morning prayer service.

Shabbat afternoon:

O. As the day wanes, spend the final hours of Passover with "Moshiach's Meal"-- a special feast in honor of the Redemption. We've spent eight days celebrating the exodus from Egypt. Now, as we leave Passover, we pray for the exodus from our present exile and a brighter tomorrow.

Saturday night:

P. At nightfall (8:13 PM), the Passover holiday comes to an end. Make Havdalahover your last cup of kosher-for-Passover wine. Put away the Passover dishes, Haggadahs, and all other Passover items, locking them away until next year.

Q. 9:30 PM you can once again enjoy chametz food and drinks, and feast on pizza, bread, beer -- anything kosher. (Just make sure it's not chametz that was in the possession of a Jew during Passover.) But as you do, don't forget the eight days of freedom you've just experienced, and remember that throughout the year, as you enjoy all your leavened food, you still carry a bit of the Matzah spirit with you!

 

 

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